Education of Sangha in The Kingdom of Cambodia
|Researcher :||Phra Sothea Sovaññathero (Yon)|
|Degree :||Buddhist Studies|
|Phrakrusamuha Chwearn Katapunno.Ph.D.|
|PhrakruDhammadhornsirivat Sirivadhano, Ph.D.|
|Asso.Prof. Sommay Chinak|
|This Thesis entitled “Education of Sangha in The Kingdom of Cambodia” is aimed the following objectives: first, to study the history of Buddhism in Cambodia; second, to study a pattern of Sangha’s education management; and third, to study the problem of Sangha’s education management in the Kingdom of Cambodia. The qualitive research method was selected by using documentary research and field research in Cambodia.
Cambodia received Buddhism from India during the Great Asoka King period to present day and has been developing by each periods according to context of that societies, but mainly is related to politic. When politic was stability, Buddhism was promoted and supported from governments, but when politic was trouble, Buddhism was decreased because of Buddhist monks were become the tool of politic.
A pattern of Sangha’s education management; at fisrt period, was only studied on Buddhism by mainly principles were pariyattidhamma (study in Buddhism) and patipattidhamma (practise in meditation) but have been continually changed under French colonial until to present day period, education managment were mostly clear patterned and structures ,especially curriculums were divided to two sections; firstly was Buddhism study, and secondly was general curruculums or modern sciences, just these periods edcuation of Sangha have fast been developed. But were decreased untill to zero point under Lon Nol and and Khmer Rouge governments because of the politic problem. However, when Buddism was renaissance, education of Sangha was not yet refreshed because of instability politic and also were numbering monks controlled by the state that limited the monkhood must be 50 years age up.
At present time, The education of Sangha in the Kingdom of Cambodia has been constantly developing but faced with many problems and obstacles as like lacking the understanding of policy education management which no unity between central and region sections, insufficient budget allocated; especially for development human resources as teachers training, schools building, tools of education, and also for monthly salary of teachers. Also, curriculums of Buddhism education were almost standard and disaccord with general curriculums of Ministry of Sport and Youth which control all institutes of education, from these problems caused the monks must paid attention to the professional courses than Buddhism courses.