A STUDY OF THERAVĀDA BUDDHISM IN VIETNAM


By
Mae Chee Huynh Kim La

Abstract
This thesis has the following three objectives:
(1) To study the history of Theravāda in Vietnam.
(2) To study the characteristics and practices of Theravāda in
Vietnam.
(3) To study the present status of Theravāda Buddhism in
Vietnam.
The result of the findings is as follows:
Firstly, passing through the historical periods of the land of
present day Vietnam, Theravāda Buddhism was practiced by the Khmer
in the Mekong Delta, which is recorded to have been integrating into the
homeland of Vietnam. Thereby, Theravāda Buddhism became to be
practiced in Vietnam. Besides this, Theravāda Buddhism appeared and
is followed by the Vietnamese people in other parts of Vietnam outside
the Mekong Delta area. The Vietnamese in those areas were interested
in Theravāda Buddhism as it was practiced for a long time in the history
of Cambodia. In addition, the development of Theravāda Buddhism was
greatly helped through contacts with Burma, Thailand and Sri Lanka. iii
As a result, the Vietnamese received knowledge of the Theravāda
tradition directly from these sources of the original Teaching of the
Buddha. It is interesting that the Theravāda followers in Vietnam
always aspire to study in those countries that follow the original
Theravāda tradition. They want to study Theravāda in countries were
the original Teaching is put into practice to truly understand the
Theravāda doctrine. Therefore, in chapter 2 this research makes us to
recognize clearly the history of development of Theravāda in Vietnam
during the different periods of Funan, Chenla and Vietnam.
Secondly, by analyzing the characteristics and practices of
Theravāda Buddhism in Vietnam: its common features and some
different characteristics due to the difference national culture of the
Khmer and the Vietnamese. We easily can recognize the similarities
between Theravāda Buddhism in Vietnam and Theravāda Buddhism in
the above mentioned five Theravāda countries. The specialty is the
same faithful traditions shared by Khmer Theravāda Buddhism in
Vietnam and Theravāda Buddhism in Theravāda countries. It is also
pointed out that there are differences between the earlier Vietnamese
and Khmer faith cultures. This is because the Vietnamese people are
influenced by the Mahayana culture. This makes the Vietnamese
Theravāda missioners to have new ways of Dhamma propagation
aiming to make the Vietnamese to understand the Theravāda doctrine.
They are not like the Khmer people following Theravāda Buddhism as a
national tradition. Due to these situations, the Vietnamese Theravāda
followers in Vietnam have basic knowledge of the difference between
Mahayana and Theravāda Buddhism. This is a good factor for
missionary work in Vietnam.
Thirdly, my study goes to examine the seven different fields of
the present status of Theravāda Buddhism in Vietnam. They are the
monks and temples, the Education, the Propagation, the Meditation
activities, the Relation between Khmer and Vietnamese Theravāda
Buddhism in Vietnam, the Relation between Theravāda Buddhism and
Mahāyāna Buddhism in Vietnam and the Problems and their solutions
for Theravāda Buddhism in Vietnam

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About SOTHEA YON

Siem Reap Province, Cambodia Education: BA: Public Administration MA: Buddhist studies Like: Humanitirian work Research Tel: +85516401645 Email: sesimereap@gmail.com https://www.facebook.com/sothea.yon

Posted on ខែមករា 8, 2012, in និក្ខេបទ(Thsis), ស្រាវជ្រាវ. Bookmark the permalink. បញ្ចេញមតិ.

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